Diabetes is a condition in which the body’s ability to produce or sometimes respond to the hormone insulin is impaired. The pancreas of people with type 1 diabetes does not produce insulin and in people with type 2 diabetes, they have insulin-resistant cells in their bodies or a pancreas that slows or stops producing enough insulin (blood glucose). Glucose levels can be abnormal in both kinds of diabetes.
Normally, your pancreas releases insulin when your blood sugar, also known as “blood glucose,” rises too high, such as after a meal. This tells your body to absorb glucose until your blood sugar levels return to normal.
However, if you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t create insulin or doesn’t respond to it well (type 1 diabetes) (type 2 diabetes). This can cause your blood sugar to remain too high for an extended period of time. This can harm neurons and blood arteries over time, leading to heart disease and other issues.
The life of a Type 2 diabetic is frequently complicated. It’s a never-ending battle to keep blood sugar levels in check. It’s up to you to follow the doctor’s advice and take the drugs provided as part of your Type 2 diabetes management plan after the appointment.
Hypoglycaemia is caused by a drop in blood sugar. The hypoglycaemic is at risk of losing consciousness and mental confusion as a result of this condition. It’s possible that it’ll put your life in jeopardy.
In contrast, high blood sugar might cause dehydration or weariness in the early stages. Diabetics who know how to control their blood sugar can lower their risk of heart attack, peripheral artery disease, stroke, kidney disease, and vision loss.
Strategies to control blood sugar levels:
- Create a daily regimen. Blood sugar regulation can be made easier with automation.
- If you’re overweight, you’ll lose weight. This will aid with blood sugar management.
- Test your blood sugar on a regular basis. To obtain better control, monitor your blood sugar levels throughout the day.
- Stick to a healthy eating plan. According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetics can better control their blood sugar levels by avoiding foods that cause their blood sugar levels to surge. More vegetables, fruits, and lean protein may be healthy, whereas simple carbs such as white flour and sugar should be avoided. Diabetics can lose weight by increasing their intake of plant-based fiber foods.
- Consume alcohol in moderation. Consume alcoholic beverages in moderation if you choose to do so. When you drink alcohol, eat something to slow down the absorption.
- Exercise on a regular basis. According to studies, exercise is one of the most effective ways to maintain long-term blood sugar control. (2015, “Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness”). Include aerobic and strength training, as well as any other fun physical activity.
- Keep track of how many carbohydrates you consume each day: Blood sugar changes can be caused by daily differences in carbs.
When you have diabetes, figuring out the best meals to eat can be difficult.Because regulating your blood sugar levels should be your primary focus.However, it’s also critical to consume foods that aid in the prevention of diabetes complications such as heart disease.Your food can play a big role in diabetes prevention and management (1Trusted Source). Some best food items for people with diabetes, including type 1 and type 2, are listed below:
- Fatty Fish
Omega-3 fats found in fatty fish help in lowering inflammation and other heart diseasesincluding stroke risk factors. It’s also a good source of protein, which is much essential controlled blood sugar levels
- Green Leafy Vegetables
Leafy green veggies are high in antioxidants and nutrients like Vitamin C, which protect your heart and eyes.
Eggs may lower your risk of heart disease, help you control your blood sugar, protect your eyes, and keep you feeling full.
Nuts are a nutritious supplement to any diet. They are high in fibre and can also help in lowering blood sugar as well as LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol).
- Olive Oil (Extra-Virgin)
Oleic acid is found in extra-virgin olive oil, which is good for you. It possesses anti-hypertensive and anti-cardiovascular properties.
- Pumpkin seeds and pumpkins
Pumpkin is a fantastic choice for blood sugar management because it is brightly coloured and high in fibre and antioxidants.
Okra is a fruit that is frequently used as a vegetable. Polysaccharides and flavonoid antioxidants, which reduce blood sugar, are abundant in it.
- Oats and oat bran
Due to their high quantity of soluble fibre, which has been demonstrated to have substantial blood sugar-lowering characteristics, including oats and oat bran in your diet may help you improve your blood sugar levels.
- Fruits of the citrus family
Despite the fact that many citrus fruits are sweet, studies demonstrate that they may help lower blood sugar levels. Citrus fruits are low glycaemic, meaning they don’t raise blood sugar levels as much as other fruits like watermelon and pineapple.
Apart from lowering blood sugar in a short period of time, the nutrients also provide additional benefits to the body, such as increasing immunity, rebuilding worn-out cells, and preventing the majority of lifestyle diseases. This isn’t an entire list of foods that can help you manage your blood sugar levels. This list is intended to inform you about some of the low-GI (glycaemic) foods that are readily available in your area and can be considered for controlling blood sugar levels in the body. Those with extremely high blood sugar levels should seek the guidance of a dietician, clinical nutritionist, and their family doctors in order to develop the appropriate treatment plan, which should include healthy eating.
Also Read: Fruits That Good for the Digestive System